"So it is with children who learn to read fluently and well: They begin to take flight into a whole new world as effortlessly as young birds take to the sky"
“Fluency is a wonderful bridge [from decoding] to comprehension and to a life-long love of reading.”
"The fluent reader sounds good, is easy to listen to, and reads with enough expression to to help the listener understand and enjoy the material."
Fluency is a critical link between word recognition and reading comprehension.
Tim Rasinski & Melissa Cheesman Smith, 2018
When reading is fluent...
The readers reads at a moderate rate that emulates speech, and with accuracy and expression
The reader can focus on comprehending what they read
The reader is interested in what they are reading and wants to continue reading
When reading is NOT fluent...
The readers reads very slowly, makes reading errors, and does not use expression
The reader has difficulty focusing on the meaning of the text or recalling details and information that has been read
The reader loses interest in reading and does not want to continue reading
Through Modeled Reading
Students need to hear fluent reading often
Through Assisted Reading
Students read text while listening to a reading of the same text.
Through Repeated Reading
Students read a text multiple times