Spelling Rules & More

When <c> comes before <e, i, or y>, it must say /s/.  

If it comes before any other vowel or consonant, it says /k/.  

Rule PDF

Activity PDF

When you hear the /k/ sound at the beginning of a word it is either a <c> or <k>  

<c> says /k/ before an <a, o, u> 

<c> says /s/ before an <e, i> 

Note: Always use a <c>  for the /k/ sound at the beginning of a word where the next letter is a consonant.  

Rule PDF

Activity PDF (Vowels Only) 

Activity PDF (vowels & Consonants)

When you add a vowel suffix to a word where the last 3 letters are CVC, you must double the final consonant in the base.   

 Rule PDF

Activity PDF

Double the <f, l, s> at the end of word but only after a single vowel.  

Rule PDF

Activity PDF

When <g> comes before <e, i, or y>, it must say /j/.  

 If it comes before any other vowel or consonant, it says /g/. 

Rule PDF

Activity PDF 

When you hear the /j/ sound at the end of the word it is either <-dge>or <-ge>.

If the /j/ is after a short vowel youuse <-dge>, if the /j/ is after a consonant or long vowel you use <-ge>.

Rule PDF

Activity PDF

When you hear a /k/ sound at the end of a word and the /k/ is right after a short vowel, the ending is -ck.  

If the /k/ sound is right after a long vowel or consonant, the ending is -k.  

Rule PDF

Activity PDF

Quick Overview Reference

Job #1: Makes a vowel say its name

Job #2: Makes <c> say /s/ and <g> say /j/

    • See C Rule & G Rule above

Job #3: Stops words ending with illegal letters <i,  j, q, u, v>

    • See Illegal letters below

Job #4: Can give the last syllable a vowel

Job #5: Eliminates confusion with a /s/ sound and whether or not the word is plural

Job #6: Acts as a signal to make the final consonant a voiced rather than unvoiced sound

Job #7: Helps. distinguish the function from content words

When adding a vowel suffix to a Final Silent <e>, take away the Final Silent <e>

Rule PDF

Activity PDF

Quick Overview Reference

i- Words end in either a -y or -ie.

j – See -ge vs -dge above

q- Words end in -que

u- Words end in -ue

v- Words end in -ve

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